About Primorye

 

We are pleased to show you the unique beauty of a real pearl of the Far East - welcome to Primorsky Region

Primorsky Region (Primorye) is a wonderful, picturesque and unique place in the Far East of Russia. If you are a nature lover, you should definitely come here and see our beautiful hills, Japan Sea shore, breathtaking flora and fauna, Ussury Taiga, Sikhote-Alin Mountains and amazing nature reserves. And if you are an extreme activities lover, then rafting, wind-surfing, parachute jumping, diving, snorkeling, sky diving, snowboarding, skiing, horse riding and many more activities are here for you. 

 

There are 6 nature reserves and over 10 government’s nature preserves and national parks, also over 900 nature landmarks are in Primorye. 

Average temperature in January - the coldest month in a year - can drop to -20°C (-4°F). Average summer temperature can reach up to +23°C (73.4°F). The best time for a visit to Primorye is early autumn with its warn, dry and sunny weather. 

Useful information:

UTC time is +10 hours. (10 hours ahead of UTC time)

Time difference with cities:

Moscow -7, Beijing -2, Seoul -1, Tokyo -1, Berlin -9, New-York - 15

Dialing code of Russia +7, Vladivostok  +7(423)

Visa: On the territory of the Free Port of Vladivostok eight-day visa-free stays.

 

 

The total area is – 164 673 km2

The administrative center is Vladivostok (9288 km (5768 mi) away from Moscow!)

The total population is 2 million people, 78 % live in cities.

Primorye consists of 12 city districts and 22 municipal districts; there are 29 towns and 116 rural settlements on the territory. Many of the settlements were founded by settlers from Central Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus and received the names of their homes.

Cities: Arsenyev, Artem, Bolshoi Kamen, Vladivostok, Dalnegorsk, Dalnerechensk, Lesozavodsk, Nakhodka, Partizansk, Spassk-Dalniy, Ussuriisk, Fokino.

Municipal districts: Anuchinsky, Dalnerechensky, Kavalerovskiy, Kirovsky, Krasnoarmeysky, Lazovsky, Mikhailovsky, Nadezhdensky, Oktyabr’sky, Olginsky, Partizansky, Pogranichniy, Pozharsky, Spassky, Terneisky, Khankaysky, Khasansky, Khorolsky, Chernigovsky, Chuguevsky, Shkotovsky, Yakovlevsky

Briefly about rich 30-thousand-years history of the region.

In the world’s history Primorsky Territory has a modest place. Geography, climate and the proximity to the ancient Chinese civilization contributed to the transformation of the north-western coast of the Sea of Japan in the center of formation and development of a unified cultural tradition, determining its destiny to be the periphery of the original East Asian and then European (Slavic) civilizations. The area of intercultural contacts, migrations, from time to time the administrative outskirts of the medieval and modern states, nominally someone's vassal territory.

 

However, archaeological sites showed human beings in the territory of Primorye at least 30 thousand years ago and even then showed a characteristic feature of "Primorskiy Krai" - extensive contacts and stable relations with neighboring North crops of Eastern Asia. Proximity to the sea has played an important role in the life of the residents of Primorye, focusing it on the intensive use of water resources. Economic expansion brought to the shores of the Sea of Japan Tungus-Manchurian tribes Mohe. The social evolution of Mohe has led to the emergence of the first state formation on the territory of Primorye - Bohai State. Area Shuaybinbyla Bohai periphery including Yan district and its center (now called by archaeologists "Kraskinskim mound") communicates the Bohai and Japan.

Even more traces of their economic activity in the region has left the Jurchen Jin Empire, for centuries controlled the entire North China, and resulting from the collapse of its state Eastern Xia. A number of large and medium-sized cities (the administrative and craft centers of these countries) discovered and researched by scientists, every year bringing startling evidence of high-level economic and cultural Jurchens.

The Mongol invasion devastated and ruined Primorye, breaking a half-century long period of its emergence as an important element of the socio-economic and cultural development of the Tungus-Manchu. Survived population went into the forest, cut off from the outside world passes Sikhote-Alin and preserved in its development at hundred years.

Before the arrival of Russian in the middle of the XIX century the region remained wild, forgotten, as if untouched by civilization. Untouched Territory contributed isolation policy pursued by the governments of China and Korea in the XVII - XIX centuries. In the middle of the XIX century looking for strengthen the Pacific coast, Russia has paid close attention to Primorye.

«Aigun agreement» in 1858 between Russia and China declared the territory to the south of the Amur and Ussuri River in the east of the "joint economic management of the two states", it gave Russia a legal basis for the economic development of the region and the creation of the first Russian settlements. «Peking treaty» of 1860 transferred the region under its full jurisdiction, was a turning point in its development. From the periphery of Asia it became the outskirts of Europe.

The second half of the XIX century began to edge of it’s rapidly urban and agricultural growth, which involved not only the Slavyans (Russian, Ukrainians and Belarusians), migrated from the European part of Russia, but also Chinese and Korean workers, peasants and merchants. Developing as a military outpost of Russia in the Far East, region at the same time was closely linked not only with the neighboring countries (China, Japan, Korea), but also with the United States and Europe. Chinese and Korean population of the region has played a significant role in the economic and political life of Primorye and up to the end of the 30s of XX century, when about 200 thousand Koreans and 10 thousand Chinese were forcibly deported to Central Asia, China and distant from the border regions of the USSR.

 

By the 20s of XX century Primorye has become one of the most industrialized areas in the North-East Asia. During the Soviet period the forced industrialization of the region, supported by the state organized resettlement here and residents of other regions of the USSR contributed to the further development of the region and its transformation into the most populated and economically developed area of the country on its Pacific coast. Not only the main naval base of the country in the Pacific, but also a center of science, culture and education of all the Far Eastern region was the city of Vladivostok and Russia's largest trading port grew in Nakhodka.

However, the civil war and the intervention of foreign powers in the Far East of Russia (1918-1922 gg.), and then the "Sovietization" of the region and the construction of the "Iron Curtain" resulted in gradual separation of Primorye from Asian economies and its transformation into a pronounced economic, political and cultural periphery of the Soviet Union.

An international factor always played an important role in the life of Primorye - political situation in the region in general and relations between Russia and the Soviet Union with China, Korea, and Japan in particular. Twice - during the Russian-Japanese War of 1904 - 1905 gg. and the Second World War - the land became substantially frontal area. Long periods of tension on the Soviet-Chinese border (especially in the 30-40's and 60-70's), twice poured into armed conflicts with Japan near Hasan lake area in 1938 and to wander on the island Damanskii in 1969. It was contributed to its active militarization and accentuating its role as a military outpost of the Soviet Union in the Pacific.

There is a large number of historical monuments, bearing the imprint of a rare intimate coexistence somewhere irreconcilable, and in the province peacefully coexist of cultures and traditions.

 

City Vladivostok - the largest in the Primorsky Krai and the whole Russian Far East. It's industrial, transport, scientific and cultural center, the largest port on the Pacific coast of Russia.

The main industries of Vladivostok, first of all, the fishing industry and mechanical engineering. In the city of tens of thousands of fishermen working on vessels Vostokrybholodflota, Dalmoreproduct. Fishing vessels ploughing not only the waters of the Pacific Ocean, but also Indian, the Arctic.

Vladivostok has rich scientific and cultural potential. There are located Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences with 12 academic institutions. There are 10 higher educational institutions, the largest of which – the Far Eastern Federal University on the campus of Russkiy Island, Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, Marine Academy GI Nevelsky.

The city has a high cultural and creative potential, where dozens of cultural institutions work - museums, theaters, art galleries, movie theaters, a philharmonic. Also in Vladivostok is a large number of historical and cultural monuments of regional and federal levels.

Vladivostok is the largest historical center of Primorye. In Vladivostok, more than 600 historical monuments, architectural structures built over a hundred years ago, successfully coexist with the latest designs. The historic city center reflects the charm of old times. There are many buildings that were built in the nineteenth century. Various architectural styles reflect both Western and Eastern culture.

 

All-Russian importance has sanatorium resort area in Vladivostok. Here are the best resorts of Siberia and the Far East. Year-round children's center "Ocean", a lot of holiday homes and tourist centers.